Paying careful attention to the sources used within these studies, the article considers the questions and main conclusions in these different approaches, concluding that there is a current convergence around a certain number of themes: the processes that accompany the exit from war, private life in wartime, and gendered and sexual violence. Thus the revival, in the s, of war in Europe in the shape of the conflicts in former Yugoslavia , which Europeans had long thought inconceivable, resulted in a questioning of the history of earlier wars around topics such as cruelty, the anthropology of the combatants, sexual and gendered violence, 1 and the ways in which wars come to an end. All these questions place women and gender at the heart of the analysis. Finally, since the development of the history of women and gender is not independent and isolated, it has to be resituated within the general historiography of war and the debates to which this gives rise. Over the last twenty years, however, colonial wars and wars of decolonization, especially the Algerian war , have also been studied from the perspective of women and gender.
Early to Late 20th Century Feminist Movements
Understanding twentieth-century wars through women and gender: forty years of historiography
Welcome to the United Nations. It is a great pleasure to be here today. Thank you for honouring me with this degree, and, through me, the United Nations and our staff around the world. I am an engineer by training and physics has been the biggest intellectual passion of my life. But I reserve my greatest admiration for artists, philosophers, social scientists and those who explain the world and make it more beautiful. I thank the New School for helping to uplift us and give meaning to our lives. No place is better than the New School for me to explain our view on women and power, and our very strong commitment to gender equality in everything we do.
Socially Accepted Forms of Sexuality in the Early Twentieth Century
This was a shift from the control of sexual behavior especially among females. As Carla notes in her blog, middle class female reformers wanted to control young women who danced and socialized in public with other men. Her role in the movie It shows to a large degree the shift in sexual ideals especially in women. In this film, Bow takes part in the heterosociability that was expected in the s. Women were allowed to express their sexuality as long as their reputation of respectability remained intact.
Social movements are not static entities; they change according to movement gains or losses, and these gains or losses are often quite dependent on the political and social contexts they take place within. These organizations, however, did not necessarily agree on what equality looked like and how that would be achieved. The disagreement clearly brought into relief the competing agendas of defining working women first and foremost as women who are also workers , versus defining working women first and foremost as workers who are also women. Nearly a century after suffrage, the ERA has yet to be passed, and debate about its desirability even within the feminist movement continues.